Periodontal disease, more often known as gum disease, occurs when bacteria attacks and weakens the supportive structures of the teeth. Gum disease is one of the main causes behind tooth loss in adults. The first stage of gum disease is gingivitis, where plaque around the teeth creates sore, inflamed and sometimes receding gums. The most common sign of gingivitis is bleeding during brushing. The second stage of gum disease is periodontitis, where bacteria penetrate deeply into the gums to attack the supporting structures around the teeth. Patients with periodontitis will experience sore gums, loose teeth and even tooth loss.
While almost all adults will suffer from gum disease at some stage in their lives, gum disease often goes unnoticed in its most treatable form – with advanced stages creating irreversible damage and may need to be referred to a Periodontist who specialises in treating gum disease.
Regular visits to your dentist will determine whether your gums are healthy. During a normal dental check-up, x-rays are often needed to help diagnose any gum problems. Gum disease causes permanent damage to the supporting tissues; therefore, the aim of treatment is to stop the progression of the disease through controlling the bacteria. Prevention is best, and to a large extent periodontitis can be prevented by good oral hygiene and early intervention when problems are identified. Good dental hygiene is one of the most important factors in preventing gum disease. Your dentist will show you proper brushing and flossing techniques that will help ensure healthy teeth and gums.
Don’t let a preventable issue affect your smile; our Parramatta dental clinic is equipped with state-of-the-art equipment to keep your teeth and gums healthy all year round.